Let’s begin by me stating that it’s critically important to talk to your gynecologist (or health care provider) during your gynecology well women’s health exams about ALL your physical symptoms (no matter how minor you think they are). Early detection of any issue, including ovarian cysts, can make a world of difference in your long term health.
A Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy is a to remove cysts on the ovaries. A cyst is a sac of fluid that can develop inside the ovaries. They can either be benign ovarian cysts or cancerous. Typically, a noncancerous ovarian cyst can be removed while leaving the ovaries intact, which means that natural conception is still possible. If the growths are cancerous, however, the entire ovary or both ovaries may need to be removed.
Ovarian cysts can recur even after they are surgically removed no matter what surgical technique is used. They can return on the ovary that had the operation, or on the other. The only way to eliminate the risk of recurring cysts is to remove both ovaries via oophorectomy.
When is an Laparoscopic Cystectomy Performed?
Ovarian cysts are fairly common. Most cysts are not harmful and usually resolve on their own. However, some cysts can hinder fertility, cause symptoms, or become cancerous.
A Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy may be a recommended treatment option if:
- The patient has cysts or other masses in both ovaries
- An ovarian cyst has not shrunk or disappeared after 3 months
- A cyst is larger than 3 inches in diameter
- A cyst appears to be abnormal or malignant
- Your doctor suspects ovarian cancer
If you have an ovarian cyst, your OB/GYN may recommend an ovarian cystectomy if you also:
- Take birth control pills
- Have not yet started your period (children or teenagers)
- Are a postmenopausal patient
What tests are needed before a Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy?
How are Ovarian Cystectomies Performed?
An ovarian cystectomy can be performed in one of two ways.
Your doctor will make a large incision in your abdomen and conduct open surgery through the incision. This is often a good choice if there is the possibility of cancer since the large opening gives the doctor a clear view of all the pelvic organs.
In this minimally invasive surgery, the doctor makes a few small incisions in the abdomen and inserts the surgical tools through these holes. One instrument is called a laparoscope. It is a thin, flexible instrument with a lighted camera at the end, which guides the surgeon through the procedure. The tissue is removed through these small incisions.
Both procedures are performed under general anesthesia. Generally, an abdominal surgery carries greater risks for infection or damage to tissue. However, it is a better choice when there is a large amount of tissue to be removed, or if the doctor needs to see all of the organs clearly. Laparoscopic surgeries usually have quicker healing times and the patient experiences less pain.
Risks of Ovarian Cystectomy
An ovarian cystectomy is a relatively safe procedure, but every surgery carries some risk. Risks of ovarian cystectomy include:
- Recurring ovarian cysts
- Pelvic pain
- Adhesions – scar tissue that causes the pelvic organs to stick together
- Damage to the bladder, bowel, or other pelvic tissue
Ovarian Cystectomy Recovery Time
Depending on your surgeon, you may need a hospital stay for a few days. In our Los Angeles minimally invasive surgical practice, our procedures are always outpatient and you go home the same day. As soon as you are able, you should stand up and walk for a few minutes to improve your circulation. This is to prevent possible blood clots in the legs.
Be sure to get plenty of rest as well as some light exercise in the days and weeks following your surgery. Avoid any heavy lifting or rigorous exercise. If you have had abdominal surgery, you should be able to return to your normal activities after 4-6 weeks. For a laparoscopy, you may be fully recovered as soon as 2 weeks after the procedure.
About Dr. Thaïs Aliabadi
As one of the nation’s leading obstetricians, Dr. Thaïs Aliabadi offers the very best in gynecology and obstetrics care. Together with her warm professional team, Dr. Aliabadi supports women through all phases of life. She fosters a special one-on-one relationship between patient and doctor.
We invite you to establish care with Dr. Aliabadi if you are near Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica or wish to travel to see us. Please click here to make an appointment or call us at (844) 863-6700.