The ovaries are the two small, almond-shaped glands located on either side of the uterus. The ovaries are critical to the functioning of the female reproductive system. They release hormones to trigger the various stages of the menstrual cycle and to prepare a woman’s body for pregnancy. The ovaries also produce and release eggs – called ova – which may be fertilized by sperm and implant in the uterine lining, prompting a pregnancy.
Common complications that can affect the ovaries include cysts, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and ovarian cancer. Cancers of the ovaries are among the deadly most deadly, so it is important to regularly visit your gynecologist to catch any problems early on.