The cervix is a small, doughnut-shaped organ located at the top of the vaginal canal, and forming the opening of the uterus. During childbirth, the cervix dilates – meaning the doughnut hole opens up – to allow the baby to exit the uterus, into the birth canal. The cervix also dilates a tiny bit during menstruation, to allow a woman to shed her uterine lining as period blood.
Women sometimes report symptoms resulting from Cervical conditions, but in many cases there are no immediate symptoms. The cervix is very difficult to view without a gynecologist’s tools thus it’s essential to routinely visit your gynecologist to check up on the health of your cervix. A number of the common conditions that affect the cervix are below.